How is PCOS related to mental health?

PCOS is a complex condition that has an impact on many aspects of one's health, including mental health.

PCOS patients are three times as likely as non-PCOS patients to suffer from anxiety and sadness. Anxiety and sadness symptoms are also more common in those with PCOS, and they are more severe.

Although PCOS has also been related to an increased risk of OCD, bipolar illness, and eating disorders, the majority of studies on PCOS and mental health have focused on melancholy and anxiety.


What Is PCOS?

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects a substantial number of reproductive-age women. PCOS can result in irregular or long menstrual periods, also high levels of a male hormone, androgen.

The ovaries may form several little collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to release eggs regularly.


Symptoms:

PCOS signs and symptoms often appear around the time of puberty's first menstrual period. PCOS can appear later in life as a result of severe weight gain, for example.

PCOS has many signs and symptoms.

When you have at least two of these symptoms, you've been diagnosed with PCOS.

  • Irregular Periods: The most prevalent symptom of PCOS is irregular, lengthy, or infrequent menstrual periods. You may, for example, have fewer than nine periods per year, a period interval of more than 35 days, or extremely heavy periods.

  • Excess androgen: Excessive facial and body hair (hirsutism), severe acne, and male-pattern baldness are all signs of high male hormone levels.

  • Polycystic ovaries: Your ovaries may get enlarged, with follicles around the eggs. As a result, the ovaries may stop functioning properly.

When To See Your Doctor

If you have concerns about your menstrual cycles, infertility, or indicators of excess androgens, such as increasing hirsutism, acne, or male-pattern baldness, consult your doctor.

Causes:

PCOS's actual cause is uncertain. According to studies, genetics may have an impact.

Androgens (male hormones) at high levels are one of the causes of PCOS. Because of elevated testosterone levels, the ovaries are unable to release eggs (ovulation), resulting in irregular menstrual cycles.

There is no particular cause behind PCOS but, some factors may play a role.

Food Best for PCOS

Nutrition plays a very important role in dealing with the disease.

  • A low glycemic index (GI) diet:

Low-GI foods are absorbed more slowly by the body, so insulin levels do not rise as much or as quickly as those with a higher GI, such as carbohydrates.

A low-GI diet includes whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, fruits, starchy vegetables, and other unprocessed, low-carbohydrate foods.

  • An anti-inflammatory diet:

Anti-inflammatory foods including berries, fatty salmon, leafy greens, and extra virgin olive oil can help alleviate inflammation-related symptoms like weariness.

  • The DASH diet: The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet is frequently recommended by doctors to lower the risk or impact of heart disease. It could also help with PCOS symptoms treatment. The DASH diet includes plenty of fish, poultry, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Foods high in saturated fat and sugar are forbidden from the diet.


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