What Are The Reasons Behind Pelvic Pain? Is Pelvic Pain A Thing To Concern?

Chronic pelvic discomfort can be incredibly challenging. The extreme pain that about 20% of women suffer as a result of this illness can be caused by several medical conditions, including endometriosis, bladder pain syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, or uterine leiomyoma.

Chronic pelvic pain is typically experienced by women and is defined as ongoing discomfort between the pubic bone and the belly button that lasts for more than six months.

Your peritoneal lining (the lining of your belly), bowels, bladder, and reproductive system all contribute to chronic pelvic pain, which is then reported by your pain processing system. These tissues also interact with your prior surgical history and environmental stress. Typically, chronic pelvic pain is more uncomfortable than regular menstrual cramps. A qualified professional should be consulted if pain persists despite taking over-the-counter painkillers for many days out of the month or if it is adversely impacting life, job, or physical activities.


Chronic pelvic pain can range from dull and aching to sudden and sharp. Common symptoms may include:

  • Cramping (becomes severe during your periods)

  • Pressure in the pelvis

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Pain during urination or bowel movements

  • Changes in mood, such as depression

Diagnosis and Treatment:

To identify the precise cause of your persistent pelvic discomfort, your Northshore specialist will inquire about your medical history, go over previous records, perform a comprehensive pelvic exam, and maybe request an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging. In addition to performing a routine Pap smear, your doctor may swab a small sample of cells from your vagina and cervix for testing because infections can occasionally cause symptoms. To further pinpoint the reasons for your disease, a minimally invasive laparoscopic operation may be advised to acquire a tissue sample (biopsy).

There are numerous therapy options for persistent pelvic pain, just as there are various causes of the condition. For people experiencing pain from endometriosis, our surgeons at the Center for Pelvic Health provide a variety of treatments. Chronic pelvic discomfort in some women may result from muscle deterioration or imbalance caused by pregnancy, as well as irritation of the connective tissue surrounding the pelvic nerves (particularly the pudendal nerve). Pelvic nerves that are squeezed or trapped may repeatedly cause awareness of the organs or pelvic tissues. In addition to many cutting-edge treatment methods, our physicians also provide trigger point injection therapies and nonsurgical, minimally invasive ultrasound-guided nerve blocks.

Risk Factors of Pelvic Pain:

  • Interstitial cystitis

A person may potentially endure persistent bladder irritation for which there is no known explanation. Interstitial cystitis is the medical term for this condition, and experts aren't sure why it occurs right now.

Interstitial cystitis can result in painful urination, frequent urination, and pain during sexual activity, among other symptoms, including pelvic pain. Symptom management is a common component of treatment.

  • Cystitis or urinary tract infections

The term "cystitis" describes bladder irritation brought on by a bacterial infection. This occurs as a result of the urethra, a channel that transports bacteria from the vagina, the rectal, or the skin to the bladder.

When compared to cystitis, a urinary tract infection (UTI) can happen anywhere in the urinary system.

Both ailments are typical in females. While cystitis and other UTIs are routinely treated with a brief course of antibiotics, these infections can occasionally go away without medical attention.

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