What Is Cervical Cancer? Symptoms, Causes, Types And, Risk Factor.

Cervical cancer is the type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix i.e., the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is a type of infection that transmits sexually, plays a role in causing most cervical cancer.

When it is exposed to HPV, the body’s immune system prevents the virus from doing any harm. However, the virus survives for years, contributes to a process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells. You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and by receiving the vaccine that protects against HPV infection.


At early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms are produced on more-advanced cervical cancer include:

  • After intercourse vaginal bleeding, between periods, or after menopause

  • A watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and can have a foul odor

  • Pelvic pain/ pain during intercourse.


It starts when healthy cells in the cervix start developing changes in their DNA. Cell's DNA contains the instructions that notify the cell what to do. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a put rate, eventually dying at a put time. The mutations tell the cells to grow and multiply until they are out of control and die. The stockpile of abnormal cells forms a mass (tumor). Cancer cells enter nearby tissues and can break off from a tumor to spread everywhere in the body. It is not clear what causes cervical cancer, but it is confirmed that HPV plays a role. The other factors include such as your environment or your lifestyle choices also determine whether you'll develop cervical cancer.

Types Of Cervical Cancer

The main types of cervical cancer are given below

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas arise from the thin, flat cells that border the cervix's bottom. According to the American Cancer Society, roughly 90% of cervical cancers are of this type.


Cervical adenocarcinomas form in the glandular cells that border the upper part of the cervix. Cervical adenocarcinomas account for the majority of the remaining instances of cervical cancer.

Risk factors for cervical cancer involve:

Having many sexual partners

  • The more you have the number of sexual partners, the greater you have chances of acquiring HPV.

  • Early sexual activity- Having intercourse at an early age increases your risk of HPV.

  • Smoking- Smoking is associated with squamous cell cervical cancer.

How To Reduce Risk Of Cervical Cancer?

  • Ask your doctor about the HPV vaccine

  • Have routine Pap tests

  • Practice safe sex

  • Stop smoking

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