What is Colic In Babies? What Are Its Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment?

Colic is characterized as frequent, prolonged, and severe crying or fussiness in a healthy infant. Colic is especially aggravating for parents because the baby's pain appears for no obvious reason and no amount of soothing seems to help. These incidents frequently occur in the evening, when both parents are sleepy.

Colic episodes normally peak about 6 weeks of age and then gradually fade down around 3 to 4 months. While the constant crying will eventually stop, dealing with colic adds a lot of stress to caring for a newborn. You can lessen the severity and duration of colic episodes, as well as your stress and your faith in the parent-child link, by taking steps.

Infants, especially during the first three months, are prone to fussing and screaming. And defining what constitutes normal sobbing is challenging. Colic is described as sobbing for three hours or more per day, three days or more per week, for three weeks or more.


SYMPTOMS:

The following are some of the symptoms of colic:

  • Intense sobbing that resembles screams or is a statement of pain

  • Crying for no apparent cause, as opposed to crying to convey hunger or the need for a diaper change, is a sign that something is wrong.

  • Even after the crying has subsided, there is still a lot of fussiness.

  • Usually, happen in the evening, therefore the timing is predictable.

  • Reddening of the face or paler skin around the mouth are examples of facial discoloration.

  • Legs pulled up or tensed, stiffened arms, clenched fists, arched back, or tense abdomen are all signs of bodily tension.

When should you consult a physician?

Colic or sickness or condition that causes pain or discomfort might produce excessive, inconsolable sobbing. If your kid exhibits excessive sobbing or other signs or symptoms of colic, make an appointment with your child's doctor for a complete examination.


Causes

  • Wind or indigestion are thought to have a role in colic, although the exact etiology is uncertain.

  • Some assume that the infant's intestines are still developing and so vulnerable to toxins in the breast or formula milk.

  • The symptoms of milk allergy and lactose intolerance are similar to those of colic. However, there is no evidence to back up these views.

  • If a mother smoked during pregnancy, her baby is twice as likely to experience colic.

  • Colic is not more common in first-born, second-born, or third-born children. Colic affects both breastfed and formula-fed babies equally.

Colic Treatment

There is no single treatment for colic because there is no identifiable cause. Your child's pediatrician will suggest some methods for calming them down. One at a time, give them a shot. Try another if the first doesn't work after a few days.

Colic will clear up on its own. You might only have to wait until your baby is around 4 months old for the fussiness to subside.

Here are some suggestions for soothing your baby:

  • Check to see whether they're hungry.

  • If you're nursing, talk to your doctor about whether the medications you're taking or the foods you're eating can irritate or create an allergic reaction in your baby.

  • They should shift their weight. Allow them to sit or lie down. Hold them in your hands while you stroll about. Massage their backs or rock them.

  • Make use of a pacifier.

  • Swaddle your child in a blanket.

  • Hold them up to your face, bare skin against yours.

  • Use white noise (such as from a fan, washing machine, or dishwasher) or a heartbeat recording.

  • Take them out for a ride in the car.

  • Put them in a swing or a seat that vibrates.

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