What Is Fatty Liver? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment.

The majority of people nowadays suffer from fatty liver. Fatty liver has become a widespread health concern in most people's lives.

The buildup of excess fat in the liver causes fatty liver disease. The majority of people have no symptoms and have no negative consequences. However, it may cause liver damage in some circumstances. The good news is that by making lifestyle adjustments, you can typically avoid or even reverse fatty liver disease.

What Is NAFLD?

Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a term that refers to a group of liver diseases that affect persons who do not drink alcohol. NAFLD is characterized by excessive fat storage in liver cells, as the term suggests.

NAFLD is becoming more prevalent worldwide, particularly in Western countries. It is the most common type of chronic liver disease in the United States, affecting almost a quarter of the population.


NAFLD is typically asymptomatic. They could include the following:

  • Fatigue

  • Right upper abdominal pain or discomfort

  • NASH with severe scarring

(cirrhosis) may cause the following signs and symptoms:

  • Swelling inside the abdomen (ascites)

  • Just beneath the skin's surface, enlarged blood vessels

  • a spleen that has grown in size

  • The palms are red.

  • Skin and eyes become yellow (jaundice)


Experts aren't sure why some people build fat in their liver and others don't. Similarly, why some fatty livers develop inflammation that leads to cirrhosis is unknown.

The following are associated with both NAFLD and NASH:

  • Obesity is the medical word for being overweight.

  • Insulin resistance is a condition in which your cells refuse to absorb the sugar in response to the hormone insulin.

  • Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is a sign of type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.

  • Fat levels in the blood are high, especially triglycerides.

  • The accumulation of fat in the liver appears to be aided by these many health issues. Excess fat works as a poison to liver cells in some people, causing inflammation and NASH, which can lead to scar tissue formation in the liver.

How To Treat Fatty Liver?

There are currently no approved drugs to treat fatty liver disease. To develop and test drugs to treat this illness, more research is required.

In many cases, fatty liver disease can be corrected by making lifestyle changes.

Your doctor may, for example, encourage you to:

  • Limit or avoid alcohol consumption.

  • take weight-loss steps

  • make dietary adjustments

  • Medications and supplements that are harmful to your liver should be avoided.

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