What Is Gallstone? Its Symptoms, Cause and Risk Factors.

It is a hardened deposit of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, just beneath your liver.

The role of the gallbladder is to hold the digestive fluid called bile that is being released in your small intestine. The range in size of gallstone is as small as the grain of sand to a large golf ball. Some people only get one gallstone at a time, while others rely on them all the time. People who experience symptoms of gallstone usually required surgery for removal.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms may include:

  • Sudden and intensifying pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen

  • Sudden and intensifying pain in the center of your abdomen, just below your breastbone.

  • Back pain in between your shoulder blades.

  • Nausea or vomiting The pain of gallstone may last several minutes to a few hours.

CAUSES

It's not clear what causes gallstones to form. Doctors think gallstones may result when:

Your bile contains too much cholesterol- Normally, your bile contains enough chemicals to dissolve the cholesterol excreted by your liver, but if your liver excretes more cholesterol than your bile can dissolve, the excess cholesterol may form crystals and eventually become stones. · Your bile contains too much bilirubin- It is a chemical that's produced when your body breaks down red blood cells (RBCs). Certain conditions cause your liver to make too much bilirubin, including liver cirrhosis, and certain blood disorders. The excess bilirubin can contribute to gallstone formation.

TYPES OF GALLSTONE

Two types of gallstones can form in the gallbladder that includes:

Cholesterol gallstones - Is the most common type of gallstone, called a cholesterol gallstone, often yellow. These gallstones are made up of undissolved cholesterol but may contain other components also.

Pigment gallstones - They are dark brown or black stones form when your bile contains too much bilirubin.

RISK FACTORS

Gallstones can be caused by a number of factors, including:

  • Being a woman with a 40-year-old. Older parent Obesity.

  • Being overweight.

  • Sedentary behavior.

  • Being pregnant.

  • Consumption of a high-fat.

  • High-cholesterol diet.

  • Consuming a low-fiber diet.

  • Gallstones run in the family genetically.

  • Having diabetes.

  • Having certain blood disorders, such as sickle cell anemia or leukemia.

  • Losing a lot of weight in a short period of time Having a liver problem

WHEN TO SEE TO DOCTOR

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms of gallstone. Seek immediate care if you develop signs and symptoms of a serious gallstone complication, which include:

  • Abdominal pain that is so intense that you can't sit or find a comfortable position · Your skin turning yellow and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)·

  • High fever with chills Having all these symptoms you can immediately visit to doctor to start your treatment.


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