Gastric ulcers, commonly referred to as stomach ulcers, are abrasive lesions on the stomach lining. Stomach ulcers are a subset of peptic ulcer disease. Any ulcer that affects the stomach and small intestines is referred to as a peptic ulcer.
When the thick coating of mucus that shields your stomach from digestive fluids is thinner than normal, stomach ulcers develop. This gives the digestive acids the chance to eat away at the stomach's lining tissues, creating an ulcer.
Although stomach ulcers are usually treatable, if left untreated, they can worsen.
What causes stomach ulcers?
One of the following factors almost invariably results in stomach ulcers:
usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) over an extended period of time, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen
In rare cases, the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which causes the body to produce more acid, can result in stomach and intestine ulcers. Less than 1% of all peptic ulcers may be brought on by this syndrome.
Stomach ulcers can cause a variety of symptoms. The severity of the ulcer's symptoms is correlated with its severity.
The most typical symptom is a burning feeling or discomfort between your belly button and chest in the center of your abdomen. When your stomach is empty, the pain will typically be more severe and linger for a few minutes to many hours.
Other typical ulcer warning signs and symptoms include:
dull stomach discomfort weight loss
Inability to eat due to discomfort
nausea or vomiting
bloating that makes you feel full easily
acid reflux or heartburn
shortness of breath
tarry, dark stools
vomit that has blood in it or that resembles coffee grounds
If you experience any signs of a stomach ulcer, consult your doctor. Even if there is only minor discomfort, ulcers can get severe if left untreated. Ulcers that bleed can endanger your life.