Nearly 120 million elderly people in India suffer from a variety of physical, psychosocial, economic, and spiritual issues. Although the physically and cognitively fit elderly may use the normal health-care services, these individuals need an active ageing programme in order to remain independent. Geriatric treatment comes into play in this situation.
What is Geriatric?
Geriatrics, also known as geriatric medicine, is a medical specialty dedicated to improving the health of the elderly. It promotes healthy ageing in older people by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities that are common as people get older. Geriatric nursing entails providing assistance to elderly people at their homes, in hospitals, or in special facilities such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, and so on.
Aim of providing geriatric care is the following –
Good function is maintained.
Detecting serious disease at the earliest possible level.
Preventing the worsening of a pre-existing health condition.
What is involved in Geriatric Care?
It's easy to get mixed up on what geriatric treatment is and how it can benefit older people. Geriatric care is a form of specialised care that is solely for the elderly.
Here's what it was made up of:
Take into account the patients' expectations and requirements.
Be patient, kind, and sympathetic to them. Respect each other's feelings and communicate with each other on a friendly basis.
Support their decision-making abilities and empower them to make decisions on their own.
Assist adults in achieving mental balance. On overcoming relational blocks and communicating with their loved ones.
To improve their mood, self-esteem, and confidence, stimulate their mental acuity, sensory feedback, and physical activity.
Let the elders feel at ease in their own environment. Assist them in remaining active and engaged with their family members.
Provide a diversionary activity or occupational therapy.
As the age increases, the number of people living well past increases, necessitating the services of those with ageing expertise. Nurses who specialise in gerontology operate in a variety of environments, including private practises, personal residences, and nursing homes. These nurses specialise in geriatric treatment and geriatric medicine in order to offer advanced care and geriatric nursing to older adults while maintaining a high quality of life.
Elderly who are functionally and cognitively fit are physically and mentally capable of being self-sufficient, and may even be able to work and earn money. The need for more health-promoting programmes is a major concern for these seniors. Geriatric medicine, diet, physical activity, social interaction, psychological support, and brain-related activities are among them.
Living assistance is needed for the elderly with moderate physical disabilities or mild cognitive disability. They are normally between the ages of 70 and 80. These individuals need geriatric treatment in a variety of ways, including assistance with Meals on Wheels, special transportation, hospital visits, and physical therapy.
Since their healthcare requirements are so great, they need specialised geriatric clinics where they can be thoroughly evaluated and rehabilitated. Physiotherapy, social counselling, and ongoing medical assistance are also beneficial to their improvement. They can need hospitalisation and fulltime geriatric nursing if their functional or cognitive condition deteriorates. Since their healthcare requirements are so great, they need specialised geriatric clinics where they can be thoroughly evaluated and rehabilitated. Physiotherapy, social counselling, and ongoing medical assistance are also beneficial to their improvement. They can need hospitalisation and fulltime care if their functional or cognitive status deteriorates.
Elderly people who have serious physical or cognitive disabilities are ideal candidates for home geriatric or hospice treatment. Home members must be qualified in caregiving, and it is almost mandatory to employ geriatric nursing training home care providers. There is a need for home health care facilities for these elderly people that include physicians, geriatric medicine practitioners, nurses, physiotherapists, laboratory services, and pharmacy services.