What is Gestational Diabetes? What are the symptoms and causes? What to eat in Gestational Diabetes?

The word 'Gestational' means the duration between conception and birth. Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar that affects pregnant women.

The woman that develops gestational diabetes is at higher risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diagnosis:

A pregnant woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes during the second half of the pregnancy period or sooner if she is at higher risk.

Symptoms:

In pregnant women, there are no specific signs or symptoms shown, except frequent urination, tiredness, blurred vision and extreme thirst.

Causes:

  • Being overweight or obese can be the reason for gestational diabetes. Women who are obese cause gestational diabetes due to the existence of insulin.

  • A woman can get Gestational diabetes if she is overweight.

  • Having medical complications like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease can lead to Gestational diabetes.

  • Having PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) or any other health issues related to insulin.

  • Previous complications are related to pregnancy.

  • Got pregnant at an early age or before 25.

  • It can be hereditary if a family has been a diabetic.

Treatment:

If you are diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes, you will have to take the following precautions to keep yourself and your baby healthy, after and before delivery.

  • If a woman is pre-diabetic she may diagnose with gestational diabetes later.

  • Check your blood sugar level four times or more in a day.

  • Urine check-up

  • Eat healthily

  • Exercise regularly.

During the pregnancy, the doctor might give the woman insulin to maintain the blood sugar level. It is also necessary to keep track of the weight of the mother and the development of the child as well.

Diet: (What to have or what not to have)


  • Have lots of healthy whole fruits and vegetables.

  • Have healthy fat and protein in moderation.

  • Avoid sugary food.

  • Have whole grains, cereals, starchy vegetables, rice, etc. in moderation.

  • Limit your calories to 40% from carbohydrates and 20% from protein.

  • Add fat to your meal between 25% to 40%.

  • Have food full of vitamins and nutrition.

  • Also doing regular exercises along with a healthy diet is beneficial for gestational diabetes as well as pregnancy.

  • Being enough active is good to control gestational diabetes as well as pregnancy. Exercise can also lower your blood sugar so always keep some hard candy or glucose tablets to maintain it.

Prevent yourself from Type 2 Diabetes:

The woman diagnosed with gestational diabetes may also have the risk of having type 2 diabetes. To prevent yourself from it, you have to follow these instructions to lower the risk.

  • Take care of weight management. You can also ask your doctor about the healthy range of your weight.

  • Eat more vegetables, whole grain, fruits, and lean protein.

  • Exercising regularly along with the proper diet can lower the risk of type 2 disease.

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